laboratory, history,

Two cores

Donald Munro Donald Munro Follow May 01, 2021 · 5 mins read
Two cores
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An Old and a New Korps


The core of the laboratory is the people who do the research. While David Apple was alive he called his students and colleagues the Apple Korps. He liked the bilingual play on words and the reference to the military Afrika Korps of World War Two that was led by the “Desert Fox”: Field Marshal Erwin Rommel.

After David Apple died, his laboratory was moved by one of the original Apple Korps: Prof. Dr. med. Gerd Auffarth, to the University Klinik of Heidelberg, Since 2012 one can talk of a New Generation of Auffarth-Apple Korps.

The First Apple Korps

David Apple trained over 200 students, doctors and technicians at his Charleston and Salt Lake City sites and many of these “research fellows” and colleagues are now in key positions in ophthalmic education and practice throughout the world.

In 2000, at the time of a formal presentation of an oil painting portrait for David J. Apple in Charleston SC

  • Dr Apple is sitting with Ann Apple to his right.
  • Front row seated: Dr. Qun Peng, Daphne Hoddinott;
  • Middle row: Dr. Liliana Werner, Dr. Marcella Escobar, Beau Evans, Dr & Mrs Apple, Lucia McLendon, Dr. Stella Arthur;
  • Third row: Dr. Roberto Bianchi, Dr. Gerd Auffarth, Maddie Manuel, Joyce Edmonds, Dr. Suresh Pandey.

At the time this photograph was taken the press reported that there were a total of 210 Apple Korps members who worked with David. Apple throughout the years, and that together they had made a total of 509 publications, including 15 books, 68 book chapters and 365 journal articles. In addition, Dr. Apple had presented 941 lectures, 67 videos and files and 61 posters.

Alpha & Omega

Pictured is Dr Andreas Borkenstein from Graz in Austria, where he now runs a private cataract surgery practice. Andreas was David’s last recruit to the Apple Korps. Next to Andreas is the first of the Apple Korps, George Wyhinny MD who is in clinical practice in Illinois, USA.

List of Apple Korps members


Ehud Assia, MD.

Gerd Auffarth, MD

Stella Arthur MD


Surendra Basti, MD

Roberto Bianchi MD

Charles Blotnick, MD

Gerald Brown, MD

Andreas F Borkenstein, MD

Paul Burton, MD

Ettaleah Bluestein,


Robert T. Casanova, Jr., MD

Victoria Castaneda-Clemenceau, MD


Michael Daun, MD

James Deacon, MS


Joyce Edmonds

Marcela Escobar-Gomez, MD

Beau Evans


Gerald Fishman, MD


Alfred Guindi, MD

Todd Gwin, MD

David Gwynn, MD


Michael Haik, MD

Nancy Hamming, MD

Judy Hoggatt, MD

Daphne S M Hoddinott

Mike P Holzer, MD


Elke Imkamp-Gulden,

Robert Isaacs, MD

Richard Isenberg, MD

Andrea M Izak, MD


David Kent, MD

Takaai Kiyosawa, MD

Guy Kleinmann MD

Yoshinori Kurata, MD


Robin Lanford, MD

Ulrich Legler, MD

Seung-Jeong Lim, MD

Edward Lim, MD

Katherine Loftfield, MD


Nick Mamalis, MD

Maddie Manuel

Tamer A. Macky, MD

James E. Memmen, MD

Kevin Merkley, MD

Tod McMillan, MD


G N Natchiar, MD

Irmingard M Neuhann, MD

Thomas Newland, MD

Ute Nicholai, MD


Shunsaku Ohmi, MD

David O’Morchoe, MD


Suresh K Pandey, MD

Qun Peng, MD

Kenneth Piest MD

Timothy Powers, MD


Jagat Ram, MD (WHO fellow)

James Reidy, MD

Enrique Roig-Melo, MD


Isao Sakabe, MD

Josef M Schmidbauer, MD

John Sims, MD

Kerry D. Solomon, M.D.

Ulf Stenevi, MD

Gesa Stroman, MD

Arata Sugita, MD


Manfred Tetz, MD

Rupal H. Trivedi, MD

Julie Tsai-Keh, MD


Luis G Vargas, MD

Nithi Visessook, MD, MS

David T Vroman, MD


Xiaohong Wang, MD

Daniel Wasserman, MD

Liliana Werner, MD, PhD

Theirry Wilbrandt, MD

Hal Wright, MD

George Wyhinny, MD HM


Brian Zaugg, MD

Apple Korps Reunions

1997 the first was held in Charleston

1999 in Seattle, Washington, at the ASCRS with Harold Ridley present, to celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the Implant.

2000 in Dallas, October 23, 2000 at the Wyndham Anatole Hotel,.

These reunions were generously sponsored by the Swedish company, Pharmacia. In Dallas, the special guest was Howard Fine, introduced by David an official Honorary Apple Korps member

Honorary Apple Korps

(after list made by Maddie Manuel 2002)

(People named by DJA who worked in association with the Center over the years)

Sir Nicholas Harold Ridley, KT, MD, FRSC, FRSc, FRS

Professor Peter Choyce, MD, FRSC

Morton Goldberg, MD. Professor and Chairman

Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, IL

Wilmer Institute, Baltimore, MD

Reijo Linnola, MD

Univ. of Oulu, Finland

Kensaku Miyake, MD

Shohzankai Medical Foundation, Nagoya, Japan

Randal Olson, MD, Professor and Chairman

Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT

Maurice Rabb MD

Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, IL

Jinsong Zhang, MD

China Medical Univ., Shenyang, P. R. China

The New Core: Auffarth-Apple Korps. (DRAFT)


Florian Auerbach MD

Victor Augustin MD

Mary Safwat Aziz Attia MD


Leoni Britz

Rebecca Buhl


Perfecto Cagampang III MD

Lisa Chychko


Hui Fang


Max Hammer

Fritz Hengerer MD


Ramin Khoramnia MD

Matthias Koch MD

Max Köppe MD

Florian Kretz MD


Grzegorz Łabuz PhD

Yumi Lee MD

Katharina Linz, MD


Patrick Merz PhD


Tadas Naujokaitis MD

Tabitha Neuhann MD


Lucia Poggi PhD


Asu Rayamajhi

Tanja Rabsilber MD


H S Son MD

Sonja Schickhardt PhD


Tamer Tandogan MD


Timur Yildirim MD


Wilson Wang MD

Jan Weindler MD


Weijia Yan, MS


Lu Zhang MD

At the 34th DGII meeting: Prof. Auffarth with some of the Apple Lab team in Mainz. l>r: G. Łabuz, L. Britz, T. Naujokaitis, T. Yildirim, H.-S. Son, G.U. Auffarth, H. Westphal, J. Weindler.


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Donald Munro
Written by Donald Munro Follow
Donald J. Munro is the Business Development Director of the Laboratory, University of Heidelberg.