Improving the world changed by Ridley’s invention … David Apple devoted his career to studying intraocular lenses and rescuing the reputation of their inventor.
He often stated that Harold Ridley changed the world. What we can say about David Apple is that he vastly improved the world that Harold Ridley changed –_ I. Howard Fine MD, 2011
David Joseph Apple, MD (September 14, 1941, to August 18, 2011) was a pioneer in ophthalmological research and ophthalmic pathology.
He was a medical historian and biographer of Sir Harold Ridley (1906 to 2001), the inventor of the intraocular lens (IOL).
Born in Alton, Illinois on September 14, 1941, to Joseph and Margaret Bearden Apple, David Apple graduated in 1959 from the East Alton-Wood River High School in the town of Wood River Illinois. He studied pre-med at Northwestern University and went on to University of Illinois College of Medicine; serving his internship and residency in Pathology at Louisiana State University. In 1980 he completed his residency in ophthalmology at the University of Iowa. He was Assistant and subsequently Associate Professor of Ophthalmology under Morton F. Goldberg, MD at the University of Illinois Eye and Ear Infirmary and Abraham Lincoln School of Medicine in Chicago from 1971 to 1975. He completed his residency in Clinical Ophthalmology under Frederick C. Blodi, MD at the University of Iowa in 1979.
In 1980 he joined Dr Randal Olson’s group at University of Utah, Salt Lake City and with Dr Olson, he founded the Center for Intraocular Lens Research in Salt Lake City. During the 1980’s he and his colleagues established a reputation and high standard for the new science of what he termed “implantology”, research on the pathology of IOL complications. He became a world-renowned expert in the field of ocular pathology, cataract surgery, intraocular lens (IOL) implantation and refractive surgery.
He moved to South Carolina in 1988 to become Professor of Ophthalmology and Pathology, Professor and Chairman at the Storm Eye Institute, Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston. He held the Pawek-Vallotton Chair of Biomedical Engineering and was Director of the Center or Research on Ocular Therapeutics and Biodevices until 2002. During his Chairmanship of the Department of Ophthalmology in Charleston from 1988 to 1996, he successfully led the effort to raise $8.8 million to complete a three-floor expansion and general renovation of the Eye Institute.
His laboratory in Charleston (and at later sites: Salt Lake City, Sullivan’s Island and Heidelberg) was and remains an official Collaborating Center of the World Health Organisation’s Prevention of Blindness Programme. His meeting with WHO Programme director Dr Bjorn Thylefors of the Prevent Blindness Division was instrumental in providing information to WHO on which type of IOL should be used in cataract surgery in developing countries.
Back to Utah
He returned to Utah in 2002 and transferred his Center for Intraocular Lens Research back to Salt Lake City, Utah: the city where he had begun his career in the field of ocular bioengineering.
In 1998 he became the only American to have been selected to give the European Guest Lecture at the respected Oxford Ophthalmological Congress, held annually at the University of Oxford. He received the Senior Honor Award from the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) in San Diego, California
David Apple married Ann Addlestone in 1995 and became stepfather to Scott E. Kabat and Jacqueline B. Kabat.
Through his late brother Robert’s family he had one nephew: Lee Apple and two nieces: Raina Apple and Dione Apple.
In the late 1990s, he developed a serious illness (self-diagnosed – correctly – as metastatic cancer at the base of the tongue.) Between 1999 and 2011 he had numerous bouts of pneumonia and was frequently hospitalised – most seriously with a cerebral vascular stroke two years after his move to Salt Lake City.
Besides ophthalmology, Dr Apple was passionate about classical music – he served on the Board of the Charleston Symphony, the Board of the Charleston Ballet Theatre and was active in Chamber Music Charleston. He was an amateur military historian, specialising in World War II and the US Civil War. In a tribute, I. Howard Fine MD of Eugene, Oregon wrote affectionately of his friend,
“David was a good friend and a delightful person with a subtle sense of humour. He had a passion for history, especially the history of science, the Civil War, and music. He liked to inform ophthalmologists that Johann Sebastian Bach died shortly after his health began to deteriorate as a result of a botched cataract surgery by an itinerant surgeon. David reminded us that the first hostilities of the Civil War took place in Charleston, his home, with the Confederate bombardment of Fort Sumter. He had an enormous corpus of knowledge and was a great lover of music. While living in Charleston, he served on the boards of the Charleston Symphony and the Charleston Ballet and was active in Chamber Music Charleston. He was pleased that his home was the model for one of the houses on Catfish Row, the stage setting for the American opera “Porgy and Bess.” He loved to travel, was fluent in German, and had a special affection for his dachshunds. His wife, Ann, was the love of his life and a favourite of their friends throughout the world. A few years after their marriage, David was diagnosed with a malignancy, which required surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Ann nurtured, maintained, and cared for him magnificently over the ensuing years as he dealt with the chronic pain and the terrible side effects of his surgery and anti-cancer treatments.”
David Apple died on the afternoon of August 18, 2011, in Charleston, SC.
Apple, David J (2006). Sir Harold Ridley and his fight for sight. Thorofare, NJ. SLACK Incorporated. ISBN 1-55642-786-7
David J Apple entry in Wikipedia.com